ECTS - Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches

Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches (ART270) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches ART270 Fall and Spring 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives Fundamental facts of natural and ecological systems are explored and introduced as references for innovation and entrepreneurship. Basic principles of nature are mimicked in the process of innovation. New areas of opportunities for creativity are explored via interdisciplinary applications. 21. Century skills are introduced as new areas of development.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Students are informed about the contemporary traits and skills necessary for personal and professional development.
  • Students are motivated towards new entrepreneurship opportunities in contemporary social and economic fields.
  • Students are guided to acquire an essential level of understanding of the principles of natural ecological systems and sustainability in an interdisciplinary frame.
  • Students are encouraged to explore and constructively criticize the physical and social relationship between contemporary lifestyles and the natural ecological systems.
Course Content Biomicicry; the natural processes of sustaining life on earth and using it as a model for social and economic innovations; the integration among the components of ecosystems: living organisms; climate, and the chemical environment;opportunities for innovative entrepreneurship practices with interdisciplinary approaches; the 21st century skills and nature?s principles for innovative and creative entrepreneurship opportunities.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction of the course content
2 Natural Systems as the source and support for life. Ecology: The grand global interaction Reader: Cain, 2011. Ecology
3 Sustainability principles
4 Biomimicry: Nature as a model, nature as a mentor, and nature as a measure for design, planning, and organizations. Reader: Benyus, 1997
5 Biomimicry: Interdisciplinary innovation and solutions
6 The circular pattern of nature’s dynamics. Reader: Borrello, 2020.
7 Eco-effectiveness and Regenerative Models Reader: Hofstra, 2015
8 Midterm: a critical analysis report/poster presentation
9 Nature for 21st century skills
10 From the beginning of the Modern Era to the Fourth Industrial Revolution
11 Interdisciplinary approaches in innovation and entrepreneurship.
12 Entrepreneurship opportunities inspired by nature.
13 Nature-inspired entrepreneurship success stories.
14 Final Presentations
15 Final Presentations
16 Final Presentations


Other Sources 1. Benyus, J. M. (1997). Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. New York: Morrow.
2. Borrello, M., Pascucci, S. ve Cembalo, L. (2020). Three Propositions to Unify Circular Economy Research: A Review. Sustainability. 12(10) 4069.
3. Cain, M. L., Bowman, W. D. ve Hacker, S. D. (2011). Ecology. Sunderland: Sinauer Assoc.
4. Ndubisi, N. O. ve Iftikhar, K. (2012). Relationship between Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Performance. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship 14 (2), 214-236.
5. Hofstra, N. ve Huisingh, D. (2014). Eco-Innovations Characterized: a Taxonomic Categorization for Assessing the Relationships between Humans and Nature. Journal of Cleaner Production 66, 459-468.
6. Hofstra, N. (2015). Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature. The Spiritual Dimension of Business Ethics and Sustainability Management.
7. Myers, W. (2014). Biodesign, Nature Science Creativity. Thames & Hudson
8. Prieto-Sandoval, V., Jaca, C. ve Ormazabal, M. (2017). Towards a Consensus on the Circular Economy. Journal of Cleaner Production 179 (1) 605- 615.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation 1 20
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 30
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 40
Toplam 18 100
Percentage of Semester Work 60
Percentage of Final Work 40
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 An ability to apply knowledge in mathematics and basic sciences and computational skills to solve manufacturing engineering problems
2 An ability to define and analyze issues related with manufacturing technologies
3 An ability to develop a solution based approach and a model for an engineering problem and design and manage an experiment
4 An ability to design a comprehensive manufacturing system based on creative utilization of fundamental engineering principles while fulfilling sustainability in environment and manufacturability and economic constraints
5 An ability to chose and use modern technologies and engineering tools for manufacturing engineering applications
6 An ability to utilize information technologies efficiently to acquire datum and analyze critically, articulate the outcome and make decision accordingly
7 An ability to attain self-confidence and necessary organizational work skills to participate in multi-diciplinary and interdiciplinary teams as well as act individually
8 An ability to attain efficient communication skills in Turkish and English both verbally and orally
9 An ability to reach knowledge and to attain life-long learning and self-improvement skills, to follow recent advances in science and technology
10 An awareness and responsibility about professional, legal, ethical and social issues in manufacturing engineering
11 An awareness about solution focused project and risk management, enterpreneurship, innovative and sustainable development
12 An understanding on the effects of engineering applications on health, social and legal aspects at universal and local level during decision making process

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Application 3 8 24
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 5 3 15
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 2 9 18
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 1 8 8
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 12 12
Total Workload 125