Opera History (ART227) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Opera History ART227 Fall and Spring 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives The historical development of the art of opera, born in Western Europe at the end of the XVI century as a part of fine arts until today will be examined. Opera art presented the culture and values ​​of the century in which it was written, composed and staged from the moment it appeared, to the public lively on the stage through music, libretto, dance, acting, costumes, and decors. In this course, the development and change of the art of opera, which functions as a powerful media tool to educate or inform the public, will be discussed. The composer's approach to music, the technique of singing and the innovations it brings to interpretation will be emphasized. The importance of famous operas, which are now in the repertoire of theaters, will be examined with a cultural, social and political approach.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Between the sixteenth and twenty first centuries, process of opera in Western Europe and Turkey, famous works of the era's leading composers with emphasis upon similarities besides differences in their works as well as styles. To examine the harmony of these operas with national music and culture. To examine the cultural and political messages in the librettos of these works that change according to centuries in terms of culture, art and politics. To clarify the role of opera works in affecting the public opinion.
Course Content The major operas with similar and different features in the music writing language of their composers; the messages of the operas in the context of geographical, cultural, religious, social, economic and political factors.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Definition of opera and its place and importance among other stage art branches.
2 The birth of opera art and the “Drama per musica” genre in the city of Florence, Italy.
3 "Bel canto" school in Naples, the emergence of "opera seria" and its features -"Orfeo" opera by C.W.Gluck
4 The emergence and characteristics of "opera buffa" genres in Western Europe. -The opera of "Figaro’s wedding" by W. A. Mozart. -G. Rossini’s opera "Seville Barber".
5 The opera art of W.A.Mozart and the emergence of "opera giaccoso" genre -W.A.Mozart’s "Don Juan" opera
6 Opera reforms of W.A.Mozart and C.W.Gluck and the differences between them
7 "Grand opera" and "lyric" opera genres and their properties in France F. C. Gounod’s "Faust" opera J.Bizet's "Carmen" opera
8 The opera art of R.Wagner "Lohengrin" opera "Tristan and Izolde" opera
9 G.Rossini, V. Bellini and G. Donizetti’s operas and "bel canto" technique.
10 "Verismo" movement in Italian Opera G.Puccini’s "Tosca" opera and "La Boheme" opera.
11 G. Verdi and its Importance in Opera Art “La Traviata” opera and "Aida" opera.
12 Opera art in the New Vienna School in the 20th century and the works of the "French Sixe", A. Berg's opera "Lulu, A.Schonberg “Pelleas und Melissande” opera and A. Honegger “Antigone” opera.
13 The state of opera art in the Ottoman Empire
14 The development of opera in Turkey, "the Turkish Five" of the opera in the works.
15 General Evaluation of Topics
16 Final Assessment


Other Sources 1. Allardyce, N. (1963). The World of Harlequin: A Critical Study of the Commedia Dell’arte. New York: Cambridge University Press.
2. Altar, C. M. (1989). Opera Tarihi (Cilt I-II-III-IV). İstanbul: Gençlik Basımevi.
3. Aracı, E. (2010). Naum Tiyatrosu 19.Yüzyılda İstanbul’un İtalyan Operası. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.
4. Cohen, M. (2017). The Politics of Opera: A History from Monteverdi to Mozart. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
5. Neimetzade, E. (2002). Opera Sanatı. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
6. Peattie, A. (1997). Kobbe’ s Opera Book (Ed. The Earl of Harewood and Antony Peattie). New York: G.P. Purnam’s Sons.
7. Sadie, S. (ed.) (1992). The Grove Dictionary of Opera. London: MacMillan Press Limited.
8. Şener, S. (1998). Cumhuriyetin 75. Yılında Türk Tiyatrosu. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
9. Taruskin, R. (2010). Music in The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. New York: Oxford Üniversith Press.
10. Warrack, J., & West, E. (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera. New York: Oxford University Press.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments 2 30
Presentation 1 10
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury - -
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 50
Toplam 19 100
Percentage of Semester Work 50
Percentage of Final Work 50
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 To be able to use English language competently concerning four basic skills, namely listening, reading, speaking, and writing
2 To have extensive theoretical knowledge about English literature.
3 To gain knowledge about literary theories and to be able to apply these theories to various literary texts
4 To acquire detailed knowledge about British culture in all its aspects
5 To be able to compare and contrast English literature with other literatures through works from different periods and genres.
6 To be able to compare and contrast British culture with other cultures
7 To plan, organize, and conduct the activities related to the field
8 To acquire the skills of creative, critical, and analytical thinking
9 To gain knowledge about how to conduct an academic research and to use the acquired knowledge in accordance with the purpose of the research
10 To acquire professional ethics and to use them in the process of research and production
11 The ability to translate various kinds of texts from different disciplines both from English into Turkish and from Turkish into English
12 To get prepared for professional life by developing a sense of responsibility through individual tasks and group projects
13 To be able to understand and decipher various discourses involved in literature such as literary, philosophical, psychological, cultural, critical and theoretical discourses in English language
14 To be able to understand and be a part of world culture

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 12 3 36
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 1 7 7
Homework Assignments 2 10 20
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 14 14
Total Workload 125