ECTS - Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches

Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches (ART270) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches ART270 Fall and Spring 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives Fundamental facts of natural and ecological systems are explored and introduced as references for innovation and entrepreneurship. Basic principles of nature are mimicked in the process of innovation. New areas of opportunities for creativity are explored via interdisciplinary applications. 21. Century skills are introduced as new areas of development.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Students are informed about the contemporary traits and skills necessary for personal and professional development.
  • Students are motivated towards new entrepreneurship opportunities in contemporary social and economic fields.
  • Students are guided to acquire an essential level of understanding of the principles of natural ecological systems and sustainability in an interdisciplinary frame.
  • Students are encouraged to explore and constructively criticize the physical and social relationship between contemporary lifestyles and the natural ecological systems.
Course Content Biomicicry; the natural processes of sustaining life on earth and using it as a model for social and economic innovations; the integration among the components of ecosystems: living organisms; climate, and the chemical environment;opportunities for innovative entrepreneurship practices with interdisciplinary approaches; the 21st century skills and nature?s principles for innovative and creative entrepreneurship opportunities.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction of the course content
2 Natural Systems as the source and support for life. Ecology: The grand global interaction
3 Sustainability principles
4 Biomimicry: Nature as a model, nature as a mentor, and nature as a measure for design, planning, and organizations.
5 Biomimicry: Interdisciplinary innovation and solutions
6 The circular pattern of nature’s dynamics.
7 Eco-effectiveness and Regenerative Models
8 Midterm: a critical analysis report/poster presentation
9 Nature for 21st century skills
10 From the beginning of the Modern Era to the Fourth Industrial Revolution
11 Interdisciplinary approaches in innovation and entrepreneurship.
12 Entrepreneurship opportunities inspired by nature.
13 Nature-inspired entrepreneurship success stories.
14 Final Presentations
15 Final Presentations
16 Final Presentations


Other Sources 1. Benyus, J. M. (1997). Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. New York: Morrow.
2. Borrello, M., Pascucci, S. ve Cembalo, L. (2020). Three Propositions to Unify Circular Economy Research: A Review. Sustainability. 12(10) 4069.
3. Cain, M. L., Bowman, W. D. ve Hacker, S. D. (2011). Ecology. Sunderland: Sinauer Assoc.
4. Ndubisi, N. O. ve Iftikhar, K. (2012). Relationship between Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Performance. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship 14 (2), 214-236.
5. Hofstra, N. ve Huisingh, D. (2014). Eco-Innovations Characterized: a Taxonomic Categorization for Assessing the Relationships between Humans and Nature. Journal of Cleaner Production 66, 459-468.
6. Hofstra, N. (2015). Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature. The Spiritual Dimension of Business Ethics and Sustainability Management.
7. Myers, W. (2014). Biodesign, Nature Science Creativity. Thames & Hudson
8. Prieto-Sandoval, V., Jaca, C. ve Ormazabal, M. (2017). Towards a Consensus on the Circular Economy. Journal of Cleaner Production 179 (1) 605- 615.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation 1 20
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 30
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 40
Toplam 18 100
Percentage of Semester Work 60
Percentage of Final Work 40
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Adequate knowledge of subjects related to mathematics, natural sciences, and Electrical and Electronics Engineering discipline; ability to apply theoretical and applied knowledge in those fields to the solution of complex engineering problems.
2 An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems, ability to choose and apply appropriate models and analysis methods for this.
3 An ability to design a system, component, or process under realistic constraints to meet desired needs, and ability to apply modern design approaches for this.
4 The ability to select and use the necessary modern techniques and tools for the analysis and solution of complex problems encountered in engineering applications; the ability to use information technologies effectively
5 Ability to design and conduct experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret results for investigating complex engineering problems or discipline-specific research topics.
6 An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams, and ability of individual working.
7 Ability to communicate effectively orally and in writing; knowledge of at least one foreign language; active report writing and understanding written reports, preparing design and production reports, the ability to make effective presentation the ability to give and receive clear and understandable instructions.
8 Awareness of the necessity of lifelong learning; the ability to access knowledge, follow the developments in science and technology and continuously stay updated.
9 Acting compliant with ethical principles, professional and ethical responsibility, and knowledge of standards used in engineering applications.
10 Knowledge about professional activities in business, such as project management, risk management, and change management awareness of entrepreneurship and innovation; knowledge about sustainable development. X
11 Knowledge about the impacts of engineering practices in universal and societal dimensions on health, environment, and safety. the problems of the current age reflected in the field of engineering; awareness of the legal consequences of engineering solutions.

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Application 3 8 24
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 5 3 15
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 2 9 18
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 1 8 8
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 12 12
Total Workload 125