ECTS - Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches

Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches (ART270) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature: Interdisciplinary Approaches ART270 Fall and Spring 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives Fundamental facts of natural and ecological systems are explored and introduced as references for innovation and entrepreneurship. Basic principles of nature are mimicked in the process of innovation. New areas of opportunities for creativity are explored via interdisciplinary applications. 21. Century skills are introduced as new areas of development.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Students are informed about the contemporary traits and skills necessary for personal and professional development.
  • Students are motivated towards new entrepreneurship opportunities in contemporary social and economic fields.
  • Students are guided to acquire an essential level of understanding of the principles of natural ecological systems and sustainability in an interdisciplinary frame.
  • Students are encouraged to explore and constructively criticize the physical and social relationship between contemporary lifestyles and the natural ecological systems.
Course Content Biomicicry; the natural processes of sustaining life on earth and using it as a model for social and economic innovations; the integration among the components of ecosystems: living organisms; climate, and the chemical environment;opportunities for innovative entrepreneurship practices with interdisciplinary approaches; the 21st century skills and nature?s principles for innovative and creative entrepreneurship opportunities.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction of the course content
2 Natural Systems as the source and support for life. Ecology: The grand global interaction
3 Sustainability principles
4 Biomimicry: Nature as a model, nature as a mentor, and nature as a measure for design, planning, and organizations.
5 Biomimicry: Interdisciplinary innovation and solutions
6 The circular pattern of nature’s dynamics.
7 Eco-effectiveness and Regenerative Models
8 Midterm: a critical analysis report/poster presentation
9 Nature for 21st century skills
10 From the beginning of the Modern Era to the Fourth Industrial Revolution
11 Interdisciplinary approaches in innovation and entrepreneurship.
12 Entrepreneurship opportunities inspired by nature.
13 Nature-inspired entrepreneurship success stories.
14 Final Presentations
15 Final Presentations
16 Final Presentations


Other Sources 1. Benyus, J. M. (1997). Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. New York: Morrow.
2. Borrello, M., Pascucci, S. ve Cembalo, L. (2020). Three Propositions to Unify Circular Economy Research: A Review. Sustainability. 12(10) 4069.
3. Cain, M. L., Bowman, W. D. ve Hacker, S. D. (2011). Ecology. Sunderland: Sinauer Assoc.
4. Ndubisi, N. O. ve Iftikhar, K. (2012). Relationship between Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Performance. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship 14 (2), 214-236.
5. Hofstra, N. ve Huisingh, D. (2014). Eco-Innovations Characterized: a Taxonomic Categorization for Assessing the Relationships between Humans and Nature. Journal of Cleaner Production 66, 459-468.
6. Hofstra, N. (2015). Entrepreneurship Inspired by Nature. The Spiritual Dimension of Business Ethics and Sustainability Management.
7. Myers, W. (2014). Biodesign, Nature Science Creativity. Thames & Hudson
8. Prieto-Sandoval, V., Jaca, C. ve Ormazabal, M. (2017). Towards a Consensus on the Circular Economy. Journal of Cleaner Production 179 (1) 605- 615.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation 1 20
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 30
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 40
Toplam 18 100
Percentage of Semester Work 60
Percentage of Final Work 40
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Adequate knowledge of mathematics, physical sciences and the subjects specific to engineering disciplines; the ability to apply theoretical and practical knowledge of these areas in the solution of complex engineering problems.
2 The ability to define, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems; the ability to select and apply proper analysis and modeling methods for this purpose.
3 The ability to design a complex system, process, device or product under realistic constraints and conditions in such a way as to meet the specific requirements; the ability to apply modern design methods for this purpose.
4 The ability to select, and use modern techniques and tools needed to analyze and solve complex problems encountered in engineering practices; the ability to use information technologies effectively.
5 The ability to design experiments, conduct experiments, gather data, and analyze and interpret results for investigating complex engineering problems or research areas specific to engineering disciplines.
6 The ability to work efficiently in inter-, intra-, and multi-disciplinary teams; the ability to work individually.
7 (a) Sözlü ve yazılı etkin iletişim kurma becerisi; etkin rapor yazma ve yazılı raporları anlama, tasarım ve üretim raporları hazırlayabilme, etkin sunum yapabilme, açık ve anlaşılır talimat verme ve alma becerisi. (b) En az bir yabancı dil bilgisi; bu yabancı dilde etkin rapor yazma ve yazılı raporları anlama, tasarım ve üretim raporları hazırlayabilme, etkin sunum yapabilme, açık ve anlaşılır talimat verme ve alma becerisi.
8 Recognition of the need for lifelong learning; the ability to access information, follow developments in science and technology, and adapt and excel oneself continuously. X
9 Acting in conformity with the ethical principles; professional and ethical responsibility and knowledge of the standards employed in engineering applications.
10 Knowledge of business practices such as project management, risk management, and change management; awareness of entrepreneurship and innovation; knowledge of sustainable development. X
11 Knowledge of the global and social effects of engineering practices on health, environment, and safety issues, and knowledge of the contemporary issues in engineering areas; awareness of the possible legal consequences of engineering practices.
12 (a) Knowledge of (i) fluid mechanics, (ii) heat transfer, (iii) manufacturing process, (iv) electronics and control, (v) vehicle components design, (vi) vehicle dynamics, (vii) vehicle propulsion/drive and power systems, (viii) technical laws and regulations in automotive engineering field, and (ix) vehicle verification tests. (b) The ability to merge and apply these knowledge in solving multi-disciplinary automotive problems.
13 The ability to make use of theoretical, experimental, and simulation methods, and computer aided design techniques in automotive engineering field.
14 The ability to work in the field of vehicle design and manufacturing.

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Application 3 8 24
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 5 3 15
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 2 9 18
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 1 8 8
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 12 12
Total Workload 125