ECTS - Nonlinear Finite Element Method

Nonlinear Finite Element Method (MFGE576) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Nonlinear Finite Element Method MFGE576 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
MFGE 505
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Natural & Applied Sciences Master's Degree
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Drill and Practice, Problem Solving.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
  • Asst. Prof. Dr. Celalettin Karadoğan
Course Assistants
Course Objectives The objective of this course is to introduce basic topics in nonlinear finite element analysis of metal forming operations. Sources of nonlinearities will be covered. Solution methods of nonlinear equation systems will be introduced. Based on these preliminary information one dimensional nonlinear problems will be used to deepen knowledge on the nonlinearities and their nature. Further lectures will cover two and three dimensional rigid plastic and large strain elasto-plastic behavior of metals and the necessary finite element concepts for the solution of metal forming processes.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • An ability to identify and solve metal forming problems using finite element method.
  • An ability to solve nonlinear transient problems in the form of nonlinear equation systems.
  • Understand the basic assumptions and equations of nonlinear finite element method.
  • Attain necessary knowledge on plasticity theory of materials and rigid as well as elasto-plastic material formulations.
  • Understand the issues such as contact, friction, remeshing, implicit formulations and explicit methods.
Course Content Review of the linear FE-concepts, solution of nonlinear equations, one-dimensional nonlinear problems, two/there-dimensional rigid-plastic finite element solution, two/three-dimensional large-strain elasto-plastic FE-solutions.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Chapter 1: Introduction Linearity Assumption in Mechanics, Sources of Nonlinearity, Examples of Nonlinear Problems in Solid Mechanics
2 Chapter 2: Review of Linear FEM-Concepts Common Procedure of FEA, Direct Approach (Example: Truss Solution), Types of Elements, Variational Approach, Example: Tapered Slab
3 Chapter 3: Solution of Nonlinear Equations Incremental Solution Methods (Euler Method, Self-Correcting Euler Method), Iterative Solution Methods (Direct Iteration Method, Full Newton-Raphson Method)
4 Chapter 3: Solution of Nonlinear Equations Iterative Solution Methods (Modified Newton-Raphson Method, Quasi-Newton Methods), Numerical Errors (Condition Number , Ill-Conditioned Set of Equations)
5 Chapter 4: One-Dimensional Nonlinear Problems Material Nonlinearities: Small-Strain Elasto-Plasticity (Fundamentals , Finite Element Discretization, Incremental Newton-Raphson Solution, Initial Stiffness Solution)
6 Chapter 4: One-Dimensional Nonlinear Problems Geometric Nonlinearities: Small-Strain Large-Displacements (Introduction, A Finite Strain Measure, Finite Element Discretization by Energy Method, An Example: Spring-Truss System)
7 Chapter 5: Two/Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Solution One-Dimensional Observations on Theory of Plasticity (Idealized Observations, Idealized Stress-Strain Models, Microstructural Mechanisms of Plastic Deformation)
8 Chapter 5: Two/Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Solution General Potential Theory of Plasticity (The Yield Condition, The Flow Rule-Drucker's Postulate, Work-Hardening Assumption, Extremum Principles of Plasticity)
9 Chapter 5: Two/Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Solution Finite Element Solution: Problem Description, Finite Element Discretization
10 Chapter 5: Two/Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Solution Finite Element Solution: Solution Procedure (Direct Iteration Solution, Newton-Raphson Solution, Element Selection and Integration Orders, Modelling Friction)
11 Chapter 5: Two/Three-Dimensional Rigid-Plastic Finite Element Solution Finite Element Solution: Solution Procedure (Treatment of Rigid Regions, Contact-Algorithms, Remeshing-Algorithms, Application Codes)
12 Chapter 6: Two/Three-Dimensional Large-Strain Elasto-Plastic FE-Solutions Static Implicit Methods: Governing Variational Statement
13 Chapter 6: Two/Three-Dimensional Large-Strain Elasto-Plastic FE-Solutions Static Implicit Methods: Governing Variational Statement (Objective Stress Increment, Finite Strain Increment, Time Integration of the Constitutive Equation), Finite Element Equations
14 Chapter 6: Two/Three-Dimensional Large-Strain Elasto-Plastic FE-Solutions Dynamic Explicit Methods (Mass-Spring-Damper System, Finite Element Equation of Motion, Computational Issues, Dynamic Relaxation)
15 Final Examination Period
16 Final Examination Period


Course Book 1. Cook, R. D.; Malkus, D. S.; Plesha, M. E.: Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Anlaysis, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1989
Other Sources 2. Malvern, L. E.: Introduction to Mechanics of a Continuous Media, Englewood Cliffs/New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1969
3. Kobayashi, S.; Oh, S.; Altan, T.: Metal Forming and the Finite-Element Method; New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
4. Lubliner, J.: Plasticity Theory, New York: Macmillan, 1990

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation - -
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments 6 30
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 30
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 40
Toplam 8 100
Percentage of Semester Work 60
Percentage of Final Work 40
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Ability to expand and get in-depth information with scientific researches in the field of mechanical engineering, evaluate information, review and implement.
2 Have comprehensive knowledge about current techniques and methods and their limitations in Mechanical engineering.
3 To complete and apply knowledge by using scientific methods using uncertain, limited or incomplete data; use information from different disciplines.
4 Being aware of the new and developing practices of Mechanical Engineering and being able to examine and learn when needed.
5 Ability to define and formulate problems related to Mechanical Engineering and develop methods for solving and apply innovative methods in solutions.
6 Ability to develop new and/or original ideas and methods; design complex systems or processes and develop innovative/alternative solutions in the designs.
7 Ability to design and apply theoretical, experimental and modeling based researches; analyze and solve complex problems encountered in this process.
8 Work effectively in disciplinary and multi-disciplinary teams, lead leadership in such teams and develop solution approaches in complex situations; work independently and take responsibility.
9 To establish oral and written communication by using a foreign language at least at the level of European Language Portfolio B2 General Level.
10 Ability to convey the process and results of their studies systematically and clearly in written and oral form in national and international environments.
11 To know the social, environmental, health, security, law dimensions, project management and business life applications of engineering applications and to be aware of the constraints of their engineering applications.
12 Ability to observe social, scientific and ethical values in the stages of data collection, interpretation and announcement and in all professional activities.

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours)
Application 16 2 32
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 16 6 96
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments 6 6 36
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 15 15
Total Workload 179