Opera History (ART227) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Opera History ART227 Elective Courses 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery
Learning and Teaching Strategies .
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives The historical development the art of opera, born in Western Europe at the end of the XVI century as a part of fine arts until today will be examined. Opera art presented the culture and values of the century in which it was written, composed and staged from the moment it appeared, to the public lively on the stage through music, libretto, dance, acting, costumes, and decors. In this course, the development and change of the art of opera, which functions as a powerful media tool to educate or inform the public, will be discussed. The composer's approach to music, the technique of singing and the innovations it brings to interpretation will be emphasized. The importance of famous operas, which are now in the repertoire of theaters, will be examined with a cultural, social and political approach.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Between the sixteenth and twenty first centuries, process of opera in Western Europe and Turkey, famous works of the era's leading composers with emphasis upon similarities besides differences in their works as well as styles.
  • The harmony of these operas with national music and culture.
  • To examine the cultural and political messages in the librettos of these works that change according to centuries in terms of culture, art and politics.
  • To clarify the role of opera works in affecting the public opinion.
Course Content The major operas with similar and different features in the music writing language of their composers; the messages of the operas in the context of geographical, cultural, religious, social, economic and political factors.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Definition of opera and its place and importance among other stage art branches.
2 The birth of opera art and the “Drama per musica” genre in the city of Florence, Italy.
3 "Bel canto" school in Naples, the emergence of "opera seria" and its features "Orfeo" opera by C.W.Gluck
4 The emergence and characteristics of "opera buffa" genres in Western Europe The opera of "Figaro’s wedding" by W. A. Mozart G. Rossini’s opera "Seville Barber"
5 The opera art of W.A.Mozart and the emergence of "opera giaccoso" genre W.A.Mozart’s "Don Juan" opera
6 Opera reforms of W.A.Mozart and C.W.Gluck and the differences between them
7 "Grand opera" and "lyric" opera genres and their properties in France F. C. Gounod’s "Faust" opera J.Bizet's "Carmen" opera
8 The opera art of R.Wagner "Lohengrin" opera "Tristan and Izolde" opera
9 G.Rossini, V. Bellini and G. Donizetti’s operas and "bel canto" technique.
10 "Verismo" movement in Italian Opera G.Puccini’s "Tosca" opera and "La Boheme" opera.
11 G. Verdi and its Importance in Opera Art “La Traviata” opera and "Aida" opera.
12 Opera art in the New Vienna School in the 20th century and the works of the "French Sixe", A. Berg's opera "Lulu, A.Schonberg “Pelleas und Melissande” opera and A. Honegger “Antigone” opera.
13 The state of opera art in the Ottoman Empire
14 The development of opera in Turkey, "the Turkish Five" of the opera in the works.
15 General assessment.
16 Final exam


Course Book 1. Allardyce, Nicoll, “The World of Harlequin: A Critical Study of the Commedia dell’arte”, Cambridge, 1963.
2. Altar, Cevat Memduh, “Opera Tarihi”, I-II-III-IV Cilt, Kültür Bakanlığı, Gençlik Basımevi, İstanbul, 1989.
3. Aracı, Emre, “Naum Tiyatrosu 19.Yüzyılda İstanbul’un İtalyan Operası”, Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Mas Matbaacılık, İstanbul, 2010.
4. Cohen, Mitchell, “The Politics of Opera: A History from Monteverdi to Mozart”, Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 2017.
5. Neimetzade, Eflatun, “Opera Sanatı”, Seçkin Yayıncılık, Ankara, Temmuz 2002.
6. Peattie, Antony, “Kobbe’ s Opera Book”, The Earl of Harewood , G.P. Purnam’s Sons, New York, 1997.
7. Sadie, Stanly (ed.), “The Grove Dictionary of Opera”, Mac Millan Press Limited, London,1992.
8. Şener, Sevda, “Cumhuriyetin 75. Yılında Türk Tiyatrosu”, Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları, Ana Basım, Türkiye, 1998.
9. Taruskin, Richard. “Music in The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries”, Oxford Üniversith Press, New York, 2010.
10. Warrack, John- West Ewan, “The Oxford Dictionary of Opera”, Oxford University Press, New York, Toronto, 1992.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application 10 10
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments 3 20
Presentation 1 20
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 10
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 30
Toplam 31 100
Percentage of Semester Work
Percentage of Final Work 100
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 5 4 20
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 3 5 15
Homework Assignments 3 5 15
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 2 6 12
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 15 15
Total Workload 125