ECTS - Microstructure and Phase Relations

Microstructure and Phase Relations (MATE314) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Microstructure and Phase Relations MATE314 2 2 0 3 6
Pre-requisite Course(s)
MATE 202
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives To enable materials engineering students to prepare and examine metallographic specimens and to enable them to recognize and evaluate macro and microstructures of metallic materials
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Students learn techniques of specimen preparation.
  • Students are acquainted with techniques of optical microscopy and electron microscopy.
  • Students can recognize different phases in both ferrous and nonferrous microstructures and thus identify alloys.
  • Students can quantify grain size, phase percentages and classify and quantify inclusions.
  • Students become able to correlate microstructure, composition and mechanical properties.
Course Content Metallographic specimen preparation; etching techniques; precipitate and phase recognition; analysis of metallic microstructures; quantitative and qualitative metallographic analysis.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction to optical and electron metallography.
2 Preparation of metallographic specimens; cutting, grinding, polishing, etching.
3 Nonmetallic inclusions in steels; classification according to standard tables, sulphur printing.
4 Graphite containing microstructures of cast irons; macrodefects in castings
5 Ferritic + pearlitic microstructures; differentiation between hypoeutectoid and hypereutectoid steel microstructures.
6 Bainitic, martensitic and tempered microstructures.
7 Bainitic, martensitic and tempered microstructures.
8 Surface hardened microstructures; measurements of case thickness and hardness traverse.
9 Midterm
10 Microstructures of aluminum alloys; age hardened aluminum alloys and their microstructures.
11 Microstructures of copper alloys; brasses and bronzes.
12 Microstructures of plated ferrous alloys.
13 Metallography of welded structures
14 Quantitative metallography and determination of grain size and volume % of second phase.
15 Introduction to Electron Metallography.
16 Introduction to fractography.


Other Sources 1. R.C.GIFKINS, “Optical Microscopy of Metals”, American Elsevier, 1970.
2. V.A.PHILIPS, “Modern Metallographic Techniques and Their Applications”, Interscience, 1971.
3. J.H.RICHARDSON, “Optical Microscopy for the Material Sciences”, Marcel Dekker, 1971.
4. H.MODIN & S.MODIN, “Metallurgical Microscopy”, Halsted Press, John Wiley & Sons, 1973.
5. G.F.VANDER WOORT, “Metallography: Principles and Practice”, McGraw-Hill, 1984.
6. J.I.GOLDSTEIN, “Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Analysis”, 2nd Ed., Plenum Press, 1992.
7. L.REIMER, “Scanning Electron Microscopy”, 2nd Ed., Springer, 1998.
8. R.E.SMALLMAN & K.N.G.ASHBEE, “Modern Metallography”, Pergamon Press, 1966.
9. R.H.GREAVES & H.WRIGHTON, “Practical Metallography”, Chapman & Hall, 1971.
10. W.ROSTOKER & J.R.DVORAK, “Interpretation of Metallographic Structures”, Academic Press, 1961.
11. Metallography & Microstructures: ASM Handbook Vol. 9

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation - -
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics 2 10
Homework Assignments 5 25
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 25
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 40
Toplam 9 100
Percentage of Semester Work 60
Percentage of Final Work 40
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering X
2 An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data X
3 An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs X
4 An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams X
5 An ability to identify, formulate and solve engineering problems X
6 An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice X
7 An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility X
8 An ability to communicate effectively X
9 An understanding the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context and recognition of the responsibilities for social problems X
10 A knowledge of contemporary engineering issues X
11 Skills in project management and recognition of international standards and methodologies X
12 Recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning X

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 4 64
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 16 2 32
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments 10 2 20
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 1 13 13
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 20 20
Total Workload 149