ECTSNonferrous Metallurgy and Nonferrous Industry

Nonferrous Metallurgy and Nonferrous Industry (MATE486) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Nonferrous Metallurgy and Nonferrous Industry MATE486 Elective Courses 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Consent of the department
Course Language English
Course Type Area Elective Courses (Group C)
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery
Learning and Teaching Strategies .
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives This course aims to give a detailed overview of nonferrous extractive metallurgy.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Students get detailed information about the properties of nonferrous metals, ores of nonferrous metals, pretreatment processes, the thermodynamics and kinetics of roasting, extractive metallurgy of copper (in detail), extractive metallurgy of zinc and lead, some examples of pyrometallurgical extraction processes.
Course Content General principles of extraction and refining of nonferrous metals. Pretreatment processes, thermodynamics and kinetics of roasting. Extraction of metals like copper, zinc and lead from their ores and concentrates by pyrometallurgical and/or hydrometallurgical methods. Refining of these metals. Examples to pyrometallurgical extraction processes. Gaseous reduction. Gaseous reduction of metal oxides.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction. Properties of nonferrous metals. Ores of nonferrous metals. Extraction flowsheets. Pretreatment processes: Drying, calcination, roasting. Thermodynamics of roasting. Kellogg diagrams. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
2 Kinetics of roasting. Extractive metallurgy of copper, general, from start to end. Hydrometallurgical route. Chapter 1 & 2 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
3 Comminution of copper ores (Crushing & Grinding). Hydrocyclone. Froth floatation. Matte smelting fundamentals. Reactions during matte smelting. Chapter 3 & 4 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
4 Factors affecting the efficiency of isolating copper in matte. Magnetite in matte smelting. Flash smelting (Outokumpu & Inco). Noranda smelting. Ausmelt/Isasmelt process. Chapter 5, 6, 7 & 8 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
5 Batch converting of copper. Stages of the converting process: The slag forming stage. The coppermaking stage. Recent developments in converting. Chapter 9 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
6 Continuous converting processes. %Cu in slag. Strategies for decreasing copper in slag. Direct-to-copper flash smelting. Chapter 10, 11 & 12 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
7 Midterm 1
8 Fire refining and casting of anodes: Sulfur and oxygen removal. Chapter 15 & 16 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
9 Continuous anode casting. Removal impurities during fire refining. Electrolytic refining. Chapter 15 & 16 of source [1], and related pages of the other sources
10 Metallurgy of zinc. Chemical properties of zinc. Production of zinc: Pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical route. Thermodynamics of ZnO-reduction. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
11 Kinetics of ZnO-reduction. Industrial zinc processes. Zinc fuming. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
12 Metallurgy of lead. Blast furnace lead smelting. Ore hearth smelting. Electric furnace lead smelting. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
13 Midterm 2
14 Roasting and sintering of lead concentrates. Lead bullion smelting. Lead bullion refining. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
15 Reduction processes Related pages of the sources and/or other sources
16 Silicothermic reduction of MgO: Pidgeon process (Magnetherm Process). Production of titanium (Kroll Process). Gaseous reduction. Gaseous reduction of metal oxides. Related pages of the sources and/or other sources


Course Book 1. Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, M. Schlesinger, M. King, K. Sole, W.G. Davenport, 5th edition, Elsevier, 2011.
Other Sources 2. Nonferrous Extractive Metallurgy, C.B. Gill, John Wiley, 1980.
3. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy, T. Rosenqvist, McGraw-Hill, International Student Edition, 1974.
4. Chemical Metallurgy Principles and Practice, C. K. Gupta, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2003.
5. Nonferrous Extractive Metallurgy, N. Sevryukov, Mir Publisher, 1973.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 1 5
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics 3 5
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 2 50
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 35
Toplam 7 95
Percentage of Semester Work 65
Percentage of Final Work 35
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses
Major Area Courses X
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering
2 An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data
3 An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs
4 An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams
5 An ability to identify, formulate and solve engineering problems
6 An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice
7 An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility
8 An ability to communicate effectively
9 An understanding the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context and recognition of the responsibilities for social problems
10 A knowledge of contemporary engineering issues
11 Skills in project management and recognition of international standards and methodologies
12 Recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 16 2 32
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments 3 1 3
Quizzes/Studio Critics 3 1 3
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 2 12 24
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 15 15
Total Workload 125