Opera History (ART227) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Opera History ART227 Fall and Spring 3 0 0 3 5
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type Elective Courses
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives The historical development of the art of opera, born in Western Europe at the end of the XVI century as a part of fine arts until today will be examined. Opera art presented the culture and values ​​of the century in which it was written, composed and staged from the moment it appeared, to the public lively on the stage through music, libretto, dance, acting, costumes, and decors. In this course, the development and change of the art of opera, which functions as a powerful media tool to educate or inform the public, will be discussed. The composer's approach to music, the technique of singing and the innovations it brings to interpretation will be emphasized. The importance of famous operas, which are now in the repertoire of theaters, will be examined with a cultural, social and political approach.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Between the sixteenth and twenty first centuries, process of opera in Western Europe and Turkey, famous works of the era's leading composers with emphasis upon similarities besides differences in their works as well as styles. To examine the harmony of these operas with national music and culture. To examine the cultural and political messages in the librettos of these works that change according to centuries in terms of culture, art and politics. To clarify the role of opera works in affecting the public opinion.
Course Content The major operas with similar and different features in the music writing language of their composers; the messages of the operas in the context of geographical, cultural, religious, social, economic and political factors.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Definition of opera and its place and importance among other stage art branches.
2 The birth of opera art and the “Drama per musica” genre in the city of Florence, Italy.
3 "Bel canto" school in Naples, the emergence of "opera seria" and its features -"Orfeo" opera by C.W.Gluck
4 The emergence and characteristics of "opera buffa" genres in Western Europe. -The opera of "Figaro’s wedding" by W. A. Mozart. -G. Rossini’s opera "Seville Barber".
5 The opera art of W.A.Mozart and the emergence of "opera giaccoso" genre -W.A.Mozart’s "Don Juan" opera
6 Opera reforms of W.A.Mozart and C.W.Gluck and the differences between them
7 "Grand opera" and "lyric" opera genres and their properties in France F. C. Gounod’s "Faust" opera J.Bizet's "Carmen" opera
8 The opera art of R.Wagner "Lohengrin" opera "Tristan and Izolde" opera
9 G.Rossini, V. Bellini and G. Donizetti’s operas and "bel canto" technique.
10 "Verismo" movement in Italian Opera G.Puccini’s "Tosca" opera and "La Boheme" opera.
11 G. Verdi and its Importance in Opera Art “La Traviata” opera and "Aida" opera.
12 Opera art in the New Vienna School in the 20th century and the works of the "French Sixe", A. Berg's opera "Lulu, A.Schonberg “Pelleas und Melissande” opera and A. Honegger “Antigone” opera.
13 The state of opera art in the Ottoman Empire
14 The development of opera in Turkey, "the Turkish Five" of the opera in the works.
15 General Evaluation of Topics
16 Final Assessment


Other Sources 1. Allardyce, N. (1963). The World of Harlequin: A Critical Study of the Commedia Dell’arte. New York: Cambridge University Press.
2. Altar, C. M. (1989). Opera Tarihi (Cilt I-II-III-IV). İstanbul: Gençlik Basımevi.
3. Aracı, E. (2010). Naum Tiyatrosu 19.Yüzyılda İstanbul’un İtalyan Operası. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.
4. Cohen, M. (2017). The Politics of Opera: A History from Monteverdi to Mozart. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
5. Neimetzade, E. (2002). Opera Sanatı. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
6. Peattie, A. (1997). Kobbe’ s Opera Book (Ed. The Earl of Harewood and Antony Peattie). New York: G.P. Purnam’s Sons.
7. Sadie, S. (ed.) (1992). The Grove Dictionary of Opera. London: MacMillan Press Limited.
8. Şener, S. (1998). Cumhuriyetin 75. Yılında Türk Tiyatrosu. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
9. Taruskin, R. (2010). Music in The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. New York: Oxford Üniversith Press.
10. Warrack, J., & West, E. (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Opera. New York: Oxford University Press.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 10
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments 2 30
Presentation 1 10
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury - -
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 50
Toplam 19 100
Percentage of Semester Work 50
Percentage of Final Work 50
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Adequate knowledge of subjects related to mathematics, natural sciences, and Electrical and Electronics Engineering discipline; ability to apply theoretical and applied knowledge in those fields to the solution of complex engineering problems.
2 An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems, ability to choose and apply appropriate models and analysis methods for this.
3 An ability to design a system, component, or process under realistic constraints to meet desired needs, and ability to apply modern design approaches for this.
4 The ability to select and use the necessary modern techniques and tools for the analysis and solution of complex problems encountered in engineering applications; the ability to use information technologies effectively
5 Ability to design and conduct experiments, collect data, analyze and interpret results for investigating complex engineering problems or discipline-specific research topics.
6 An ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams, and ability of individual working.
7 Ability to communicate effectively orally and in writing; knowledge of at least one foreign language; active report writing and understanding written reports, preparing design and production reports, the ability to make effective presentation the ability to give and receive clear and understandable instructions.
8 Awareness of the necessity of lifelong learning; the ability to access knowledge, follow the developments in science and technology and continuously stay updated. X
9 Acting compliant with ethical principles, professional and ethical responsibility, and knowledge of standards used in engineering applications.
10 Knowledge about professional activities in business, such as project management, risk management, and change management awareness of entrepreneurship and innovation; knowledge about sustainable development.
11 Knowledge about the impacts of engineering practices in universal and societal dimensions on health, environment, and safety. the problems of the current age reflected in the field of engineering; awareness of the legal consequences of engineering solutions.

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 12 3 36
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 1 7 7
Homework Assignments 2 10 20
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 14 14
Total Workload 125