Introduction to Ethics (HUM322) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Introduction to Ethics HUM322 3 0 0 3 4
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion, Question and Answer.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
  • Staff
Course Assistants
Course Objectives This course aims at introducing the central topics of ethics to the students, examining the works of the important philosophers in this field and showing the development of thinking on ethics.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • The students who succeeded in this course; - Recognise the need for ethical thinking. - Analyse the pros and cons of a course of action. - Learn the different types of ethical principles, values and virtues. - Articulate philosophically an ethical judgment. - Learn the historical development of ethical thinking. - Detect the upsides and downsides of each type of ethical theory.
Course Content Analysing and discussing the central topics of ethics, such as egoism, eudaimonism, utilitarianism, the moral law and the ethics of self-determinism; also, examining the ethical thinking of Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant, Mill, Bentham and Sartre.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 (I. Introduction: What is Ethics?) The Problems of Ethics: An Example. Socrates and Thrasymachus. The Subject of Ethics. An Alternative Conception of Morality. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 1-14. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 31-40. Living Philosophy, pp. 19-45.
2 (I. Introduction: What is Ethics?, cont’d) Two Types of Ethical Theory. The Problem of Deontology. The Idea of a Moral Community. Ethical Theories and Moral Ideals. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 14-24. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 41-62. Living Philosophy, pp. 46-95.
3 (II. Egoism) The Wise Pursuit of Happiness. The Concept of Happiness. The Primary Argument for Egoism. Psychological Egoism. An Alternative Argument for Egoism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 25-39. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 111-121. Living Philosophy, pp. 26-41.
4 (II. Egoism, cont’d) The Hobbesian Program. Troubles with the Hobbesian Program’s Derivations. Troubles with the Hobbesian Program’s Scope. Thrasymachus’ Challenge Again. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 39-55. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 88-98. Living Philosophy, pp. 27-29, 170-177.
5 (III. Eudaimonism) Egoism v. Eudaimonism. The Platonic Form of Eudaimonism. Perfectionist Objections to Hedonism. Epicurus’ Answer. Mill’s Defense of Hedonism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 56-70. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 52-62. Living Philosophy, pp. 26-41.
6 (III. Eudaimonism, cont’d) Plato’s Ethics. Rationalism v. Naturalism. Aristotle’s Naturalism. A Problem in Aristotle’s Program. Prospects for Contemporary Eudaimonism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 71-92. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 478-489. Living Philosophy, pp. 30-33, 227-236.
7 Midterm The questions prepared by the course instructor.
8 (IV. Utilitarianism) Impartiality. Two Problems. Consequentialism. Mill’s Restatement of Utilitarianism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 93-107. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 144-155. Living Philosophy, pp. 118-127.
9 (IV. Utilitarianism, cont’d) An Inconsistency in Mill’s Restatement. Rule Utilitarianism. Act Utilitarianism Revisited. Is Act Utilitarianism Self-Refuting? When Act Utilitarianism Ceases to Be an Ethical Theory. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 107-122. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 181-191. Living Philosophy, pp. 127-136.
10 (V. The Moral Law) Two Theories of Moral Law. Divine Command Theory. Rational Intuitionism. Ethics and Mathematics. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 123-140. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 99-110. Living Philosophy, pp. 99-117.
11 (V. The Moral Law, cont’d) Kant’s Way. Formalism in Ethics. The Problem with Kant’s Formalism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 140-156. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 156-167. Living Philosophy, pp. 63-95.
12 (VI. The Ethics of Self-Determination) Kant’s Step Into Metaphysics. The Formula of Humanity. Is the Formula of Humanity an Independent Principle? The Formula of Autonomy and the Kingdom of Ends. Answering the Charge of Excessive Formalism. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 157-173. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 456-466. Living Philosophy, pp. 99-117.
13 (VI. The Ethics of Self-Determination, cont’d) Rationalism Revisited. Personal Autonomy. Existentialist Ethics. The Excesses of Existentialism. Existentialist Ethics Pruned of Excess. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 174-195. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 230-240. Living Philosophy, pp. 137-160.
14 (VII. Practical Reason) Meta-Ethics. Meta-Ethical Disputes: An Illustration. Aristotle’s Answer and an Existentialist Response. Can There Be Motives That Aim at Doing Evil for Its Own Sake? The Obsolescence of Aristotle’s Answer. The Eliminability of Teleological Explanations. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 196-216. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 253-320. Living Philosophy, pp. 301-315.
15 (VII. Practical Reason, cont’d) Modern Skepticism about Practical Reason. Hume’s Meta-Ethics. Practical Reason in Modern Philosophy. Kant’s Notion of Practical Reason. Freedom and Reason. An Introduction to Ethics, pp. 216-232. Routledge Companion to Ethics, pp. 320-365. Living Philosophy, pp. 206-224.
16 Final Exam The questions prepared by the course instructor.


Course Book 1. John Deigh, An Introduction to Ethics [Etiğe Giriş], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
2. John Skorupski (ed.), Routledge Companion to Ethics [Routledge Etik El Kitabı], London: Routledge, 2010.
3. Ray Billington, Living Philosophy: An Introduction to Moral Thought [Yaşayan Felsefe: Ahlak Düşüncesine Bir Giriş], London: Routledge, 2003.

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation - -
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 40
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 60
Toplam 2 100
Percentage of Semester Work
Percentage of Final Work 100
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Integrates and utilizes the information, skills, and approaches obtained from basic, clinical, and medical sciences, behavioral sciences, and social sciences when offering healthcare services.
2 Offers healthcare services to patients with a biopsychosocial approach where the sociodemographic and sociocultural backgrounds of these individuals are taken into consideration, focusing on the universal human values, ethical principles, and professional duties; without exercising discrimination on the basis of language, religion, race, or sex.
3 Aims to protect, improve, and develop individual and public health when offering healthcare services.
4 Performs the necessary studies in sustaining and improving health, taking into the individual, public, social, and environmental factors to affect it.
5 Trains healthy individuals/ patients, their relatives, and other healthcare workers in healthcare upon determining the features, requirements, and expectations of their target audience.
6 Exercises a safe, rational, and effective approach in the procedures of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation; while offering healthcare services.
7 Implements interventional and/or non-interventional practices in a way that is safe and effective for patients during the procedures of diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation.
8 Offers healthcare services taking into account the health and safety of patients and employees.
9 Takes the regional and global changes in physical and socioeconomic settings to affect health, as well as the changes in the individual features and behaviors of patients referring to them into account, while offering healthcare.
10 Takes the good medical practices into account while performing their duties.
11 Undertakes the tasks and duties within the framework of their professional ethical rules, as well as their legal rights and duties.
12 Stands for the improvements in the manner in which healthcare services are offered, taking into account the concepts of social reliability and social duty, in an effort to protect and improve individual and public health.
13 Evaluates the effects of health policies and healthcare practices on public health indicators, and, where required, amends their evaluation on the grounds of scientific and social needs; in an effort to help improve the quality of healthcare services.
14 Leads their healthcare team while offering healthcare services, in a participative, and collaborative manner.
15 Establishes positive relationships within their healthcare team; and where needed, easily adapts to various positions among their team.
16 Exercises effective communication with patients, the relatives of patients, healthcare professionals, and groups from other professions, as well as institutions and organizations.
17 Plans and conducts scientific studies on the society to which they serve, and use the results of these, or those from other studies, to benefit the society.
18 Accesses the current literature on their profession, and evaluates them with a critical approach.
19 Chooses the correct sources of learning to improve the healthcare services that they offer, and regulates their own learning process.
20 Demonstrates the skills of obtaining and evaluating new information, integrating newer pieces of information with their current ones, as well as adapting to changing conditions throughout their professional life.

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 16 3 48
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 14 3 42
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury 1 4 4
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 1 6 6
Total Workload 100