ECTS - Tissues and Skeletal System

Tissues and Skeletal System (MED102) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Tissues and Skeletal System MED102 4 0 2 6 0
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Distance, Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion, Drill and Practice, Problem Solving.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives To give information about the definition of tissues, the development, structure and functions of the skeletal system and the etiopathogenesis, pathology, symptoms and findings, prevention, diagnosis and treatment principles of disorders related to this system. Also, to gain basic medical skills for the skeletal system.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Identifies the bones of the upper and lower extremities and explains their role in the formation of movement.
  • Identifies the joints in the upper and lower extremities and explains the types, auxiliary formations and movements of these joints.
  • Identifies the bones forming Columna vertebralis, explains the joints and movements.
  • Identifies the bones of the head and knows the joints between them.
  • Describe the techniques used in histology.
  • Explains the histological features, formation and function of epithelial tissue.
  • Explains sorts the connective tissue cells and defines the extracellular matrix.
  • Defines connective tissue types and explains their formation and function.
  • Explains the properties and formation of bone tissue.
  • Describes the biochemical properties of bone tissue.
  • Explains the properties and formation of cartilage tissue and extracellular matrix.
  • Describes the histological structure, development and functions of the skin.
  • Describes morphological features of diseases related to bone injury and healing.
  • Describes bone, cartilage and joint tumor and tumor-like lesions.
  • Describes the types of skin inflammatory diseases, general morphological features, and explains the common ones.
  • Describes the methods used in the diagnosis of tissue and skeletal system diseases.
  • Lists the drugs that affect the tissue and skeletal system, explain their mechanism of action, indications and side effects.
  • Describes human parasite classification and gives two examples.
  • Defines parasitic structures.
  • Explains the parasites involving cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue.
  • Explains the ectoparasites
  • Compares and contrasts yeasts, molds and dimorphic fungi
  • Describes the classification of human mycoses.
  • Explains the fungi involving cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue.
  • Describes the laboratory identification of fungi.
Course Content Introduction to anatomy, general features of epithelial tissue, general organization of connective tissue, development of and hstology of cartilage and bone tissues, embryology and histology of skin, biochemistry of connective tissue, and bone tissue, skin and tissue parasites and fungi, arthropods and arthropods borne viruses.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Introduction to Tissues and Skeletal System Committee Introduction to histology and techniques used in histology Introduction to anatomy Bones - general considerations Joints - general considerations Skeleton and joints of upper limb Leishmania spp Covering Epithelia and Specializations of the apical cell surface The vertebral column, the ribs and the sternum Ectoparasites Lab: Skeleton and joints of upper limb Lab: One cell layer epithelia -
2 Case Discussion Time: Wuchereria bancrofti, Dracunculus medinensis Joints of the vertebral column Secretory Epithelia and Specialized epithelial cells Arthropods NSAIDs & Acetaminophen Connective tissue cells and fibers Biochemistry of connective tissue Lab: The vertebral column, the ribs, the sternum and joints of the vertebral column Lab: Stratified epithelia -
3 Skeleton and joints of lower limb Introduction to the Autonomic Nervous System Lab: Secretory Epithelia Cartilage and bone tissue Joints Bone-cartilage infections Developmental abnormalities of bone & cartilage Biochemistry of bone tissue Lab: Skeleton and joints of lower limb Lab: Connective tissue cells -
4 Lab: Connective tissue types Acquired disorders of bone &cartilage Fracture, osteonecrosis, osteomyelitis Tumor & tumor-like lesions of the bone Cholinergic Drugs: Muscarinic Agonists, Cholinesterase Inhibitors, and Their Clinical Uses Cholinergic Drugs: Muscarinic Antagonists and Their Clinical Uses Lab: Bone and cartilage tissue Lab: Anatomy Review Inflammatory disorders of the joints Tumors & tumor-like lesions of the joints Cholinergic Drugs: Nicotinic Agonists and Their Clinical Uses Cholinergic Drugs: Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs and Nicotinic Antagonists -
5 Adrenergic Drugs: Adrenergic Agonists and Their Clinical Uses Adrenergic Drugs: Adrenergic Antagonists and Their Clinical Uses Development of skin and skin histology Disorders & neoplasms of keratinocytes Skin and tissue infection Lab: Laboratory diagnosis of parasites Sectional and clinical anatomy Vitamin and cofactors water soluble vitamins Disorders of pigmentation & melanocytes Vitamin and cofactors lipid soluble vitamins Dermatophytes and other superficial fungi Subcutaneous fungi Dimorphic fungi -
6 Lab: Bone & Cartilage & Disorders & neoplasms of keratinocytes & melanocytes Exam preparation and general exam -


Course Book 1. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology (14th Edition); Bertram G. Katzung,‎ Anthony J. Trevor; McGraw-Hill, 2018.
2. Braddom's Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (5th Edition); David X. Cifu MD; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2016.
3. Gray’s Anatomy for Students (3rd Edition); Richard L. Drake, A. Wayne Vogl, Adam W. M. Mitchell; Churchill Livingston Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2015.
4. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology (13th Edition); John E. Hall; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2016.
5. Histology and Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology (4th Edition); Abraham L. Kierszenbaum, Laura L. Tres; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2015.
6. Medical Microbiology 8th Edition. Murray, Rosenthal, Pfaller, Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia,2016
7. Molecular and Cellular Biophysics; Meyer B. Jackson; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006.
9. Robbins Basic Pathology (10th Edition); Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2018.
10. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology (10th Edition); Keith L. Moore, T. V. N. Persaud, Mark G. Torchia; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2015.
11. Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry (30th Edition); Victor W. Rodwell, David Bender, Kathleen M. Botham, Peter J. Kennelly, P. Anthony Weil; McGraw-Hill, 2015.
12. Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's Medical Microbiology, 28e, 2019, McGraw-Hill Education
13. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 9th Edition, Bennett, JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ. Elsevier, 2019

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation 15 2
Laboratory 5 20
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury - -
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 80
Toplam 21 102
Percentage of Semester Work 20
Percentage of Final Work 80
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Integrates and utilizes the information, skills, and approaches obtained from basic, clinical, and medical sciences, behavioral sciences, and social sciences when offering healthcare services. X
2 Offers healthcare services to patients with a biopsychosocial approach where the sociodemographic and sociocultural backgrounds of these individuals are taken into consideration, focusing on the universal human values, ethical principles, and professional duties; without exercising discrimination on the basis of language, religion, race, or sex. X
3 Aims to protect, improve, and develop individual and public health when offering healthcare services. X
4 Performs the necessary studies in sustaining and improving health, taking into the individual, public, social, and environmental factors to affect it. X
5 Trains healthy individuals/ patients, their relatives, and other healthcare workers in healthcare upon determining the features, requirements, and expectations of their target audience. X
6 Exercises a safe, rational, and effective approach in the procedures of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation; while offering healthcare services. X
7 Implements interventional and/or non-interventional practices in a way that is safe and effective for patients during the procedures of diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation. X
8 Offers healthcare services taking into account the health and safety of patients and employees. X
9 Takes the regional and global changes in physical and socioeconomic settings to affect health, as well as the changes in the individual features and behaviors of patients referring to them into account, while offering healthcare. X
10 Takes the good medical practices into account while performing their duties. X
11 Undertakes the tasks and duties within the framework of their professional ethical rules, as well as their legal rights and duties. X
12 Stands for the improvements in the manner in which healthcare services are offered, taking into account the concepts of social reliability and social duty, in an effort to protect and improve individual and public health. X
13 Evaluates the effects of health policies and healthcare practices on public health indicators, and, where required, amends their evaluation on the grounds of scientific and social needs; in an effort to help improve the quality of healthcare services. X
14 Leads their healthcare team while offering healthcare services, in a participative, and collaborative manner. X
15 Establishes positive relationships within their healthcare team; and where needed, easily adapts to various positions among their team. X
16 Exercises effective communication with patients, the relatives of patients, healthcare professionals, and groups from other professions, as well as institutions and organizations. X
17 Plans and conducts scientific studies on the society to which they serve, and use the results of these, or those from other studies, to benefit the society. X
18 Accesses the current literature on their profession, and evaluates them with a critical approach. X
19 Chooses the correct sources of learning to improve the healthcare services that they offer, and regulates their own learning process. X
20 Demonstrates the skills of obtaining and evaluating new information, integrating newer pieces of information with their current ones, as well as adapting to changing conditions throughout their professional life. X

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 6 12 72
Laboratory 6 5 30
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 6 7 42
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 6 8 48
Total Workload 192