From Cell to Systems (MED192) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
From Cell to Systems MED192 0 0 0 32 45
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Distance, Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion, Drill and Practice, Observation Case Study, Team/Group, Role Play.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives To gain knowledge about physician's identity, physician-patient’s roles, rights and responsibilities, medical education, history of medicine, basic ethics concepts and methods. Also, to gain skills for basic communication and medical practices. To introduce basic biochemistry, genetics and microbiology in order to learn the normal structure, function and their pathological conditions. To be able to understand basic interaction techniques and medical applications. To give information about the genetic control and biochemistry of nucleic acids, pharmacodynamics of drugs, development of human embryo and extraembryonic structures, molecular basis of cancer, oncogenic viruses and epidemiology of cancer. To give information about the definition of tissues, the development, structure and functions of the skeletal system and the etiopathogenesis, pathology, symptoms and findings, prevention, diagnosis and treatment principles of disorders related to this system. Also, to gain basic medical skills for the skeletal system. To introduce development, structure and functions of musculoskeletal system. To explain etiology, pathology, symptoms and findings of musculoskeletal disorders. To gain knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment principles of disorders in this system.
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Explains the concept of science and medicine.
  • Determines the philosophy of science and research.
  • Explains the history of research.
  • Lists the basic principles of science and research ethics.
  • Lists the basic principles of scientific publication ethics.
  • Explains the importance of leadership in science.
  • Describes the basic research methods.
  • Investigates the research resources.
  • Attends to teamwork.
  • Describes and applies basic communication skills.
  • Performs basic medical skills.
  • Describes the dianostic stages and techniques in pathology laboratory.
  • Describes the hand hygiene.
  • Describe how to protect himself from infectious agents.
  • Define and explain epidemics and developments of pandemics.
  • Understands the laboratory safety rules.
  • Describes the basics of cell structure and cytoskeleton; the intracellular communication pathways.
  • Explains the structure and function of DNA and RNA that store genetic information and interprets the relation between them; DNA isolation from cell.
  • Describes the structures and functions of organelles found in cell.
  • Describes the physiological features of homeostasis and properties of body fluid compartments.
  • Explains the transport system of substances through cell membrane.
  • Explains the electrical potential mechanisms and action potential in a neuron.
  • Understands the mechanism of protein synthesis including transcription, translation, posttrancriptional and posttranslational modifications and intracellular protein trafficking.
  • Lists the cell structures of microorganisms.
  • Understands the classification and metabolism of bacteria; bacterial genetics.
  • Explains the mechanisms of bacterial pathogenesis.
  • Describes the classification, structure and replication of viruses; viral pathogenesis.
  • Describes the structure of a cell under microscope.
  • Applies basic cultivation techniques.
  • Describes the structures, reactions of amino acids, peptides and proteins.
  • Classifies amino acids and enzymes.
  • Understands the principles of enzyme kinetics.
  • Hidrokarbonların ve kimyasal bağların yapılarını anlar.
  • Understands how to calculate normality, molarity and percent volumes of solutions.
  • Understands how to prepare buffer solutions and measure pH.
  • Describes the principles of bioenergetics.
  • Explains cellular response to stress and noxious stimuli.
  • Describes cellular injury and cell death.
  • Describes the drug and routes and mechanism of drug administration.
  • Distinguishes cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm and organelles with histochemical dyes.
  • Examines and explains the parts of the microscope.
  • Sorts cell skeleton components and indicates their differences.
  • Describes the cell division and its results.
  • Describes the cellular proliferation and the regulation of it.
  • Describes the cellular aging process.
  • Describes the types of cell death and the mechanisms of them.
  • Explains the mutation, its varieties, mechanisms of occurrence and detection methods.
  • Explains the packaging of DNA into chromosome and the molecules taking role in this process.
  • Explains DNA repair mechanisms.
  • Describes the biochemistry of nucleic acids, carbohydrates, fatty acids, phospholipids, steroids.
  • Uses the laboratory materials necessary for all experiments.
  • Explains the development of cells and tissues, the relationship and differentiation between cells in embryological period.
  • Explains the development of human embryo and extraembryonic structures.
  • Identifies anomalies that may develop during embryological period with their mechanisms.
  • Explains the molecular basis of cancer, oncogenic viruses and epidemiology of cancer.
  • Explains the fertilization and implantation.
  • Explains the embryonic stages.
  • Explains the developmental events in fetal period.
  • Explains the reasons for the development of birth defects.
  • Indicates the formation mechanism of multiple pregnancies.
  • Indicates the methods used in prenatal diagnosis.
  • Explains the birth defects.
  • Describes the tissue repair.
  • Describes the neoplasm.
  • Identifies the bones of the upper and lower extremities and explains their role in the formation of movement.
  • Identifies the joints in the upper and lower extremities and explains the types, auxiliary formations and movements of these joints.
  • Identifies the bones forming Columna vertebralis, explains the joints and movements.
  • Identifies the bones of the head and knows the joints between them.
  • Describe the techniques used in histology.
  • Explains the histological features, formation and function of epithelial tissue.
  • Explains sorts the connective tissue cells and defines the extracellular matrix.
  • Defines connective tissue types and explains their formation and function.
  • Explains the properties and formation of bone tissue.
  • Describes the biochemical properties of bone tissue.
  • Explains the properties and formation of cartilage tissue and extracellular matrix.
  • Describes the histological structure, development and functions of the skin.
  • Describes morphological features of diseases related to bone injury and healing.
  • Describes bone, cartilage and joint tumor and tumor-like lesions.
  • Describes the types of skin inflammatory diseases, general morphological features, and explains the common ones.
  • Describes the methods used in the diagnosis of tissue and skeletal system diseases.
  • Lists the drugs that affect the tissue and skeletal system, explain their mechanism of action, indications and side effects.
  • Describes human parasite classification and gives two examples.
  • Defines parasitic structures.
  • Explains the parasites involving cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue.
  • Explains the ectoparasites.
  • Compares and contrasts yeasts, molds and dimorphic fungi.
  • Describes the classification of human mycoses.
  • Explains the fungi involving cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue.
  • Describes the laboratory identification of fungi.
  • Describes the formation of important nerve plexuses and explains the branches, process of nerve plexuses and the structures that innervated by them.
  • Describes the muscles of upper and lower limb and explains their innervations, anatomic features, starting and endpoints and functions.
  • Describes the spine muscles, and the other back muscles and explains their innervations, anatomic features, starting and endpoints and functions.
  • Describes the structural characteristics of muscle tissue and its types.
  • Explains the embryological development of muscle tissue and classifies it.
  • Explains and compares histological features of skeletal, smooth and heart muscle.
  • Describes the cells of nerve tissue, specifies histological features and functions
  • Distinguishes myelination in the central and peripheral nervous system.
  • Describes the innervation pattern of skeletal and smooth muscles and knows the neuromuscular junction.
  • Explains the molecular mechanisms of muscle contraction and understands the role of calcium for skeletal and smooth muscle contraction.
  • Describes the neuron and components of the peripheral nervous system.
  • Describes the organization of the nervous system and knows the pathways for signal transduction.
  • Explains the synapse structure.
  • Describes the synaptic cleft, chemical transduction and neurotransmitters.
  • Describes the synaptic integration.
  • Lists the infection factors in musculoskeletal system and explains their microbiological and epidemiological features.
  • Explains the generation mechanisms and protection methods of diseases caused by infectious agents.
  • Explains the specimen management and methods for microbiological diagnosis towards the infectious agents and interprets the results.
  • Explains the biochemistry of muscle and nerve tissues.
  • Explains the biochemical markers of musculoskeletal diseases.
  • Lists the common symptoms/findings of musculoskeletal system diseases and explains the descriptive diagnosis.
  • Explains the principles of medical history taking towards to musculoskeletal system and methods of physical examination.
  • Explains the methods used in diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases.
  • Describes the physiopathology, types, clinical reflection and diagnosis of pain.
  • Describes the causes and diagnosis of arthiritis and knows non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Describes the causes and diagnosis of joint and lumbar pain.
  • Lists the medications effective on musculoskeletal system and explains their mechanism of action, indications and side effects.
  • Describes the terms of disabled and rehabilitation.
  • Takes the medical history of patient who has complains about musculoskeletal system and makes physical examination.
  • Applies basic vocational skills towards the musculoskeletal system.
  • Describes the muscular tissue’s and soft tissue’s pathologies and tumors.
  • Describes the pathologies and tumors of peripheral nerves.
  • Describes the bone, bone marrow and muscle stem cells.
  • Describes the molecular basis of inheritance.
  • Describes mitochondrial inheritance and related diseases.
  • Describes gout disease and the drugs used in gout.
  • Explains the concepts of health and disease.
  • Describes the development of public health discipline in developed and developing communities.
  • Defines the determinants of health.
  • Explains and compares national and international health policies.
  • Lists national and international health organizations, and explain their responsibilities.
  • Explains health management.
  • Explains health economics. Lists the social and economic indicators of health.
  • Describes health level indicators.
  • Explains the concepts of occupational health and safety in national and international dimensions.
  • Explains the management of medical waste.
  • Describes healthy environment, psyco-social and biological environment.
  • Describes major environmental health issues and public health disasters, management of epidemics.
  • Explains safe diet and balanced nutrition.
  • Explains the principles of protection of health.
  • Explains the importance of the food and water safety.
  • Describes the importance of physical activity.
  • Describes the harmful effect of substance use.
  • Defines the basic principles of vaccination.
  • Describes the types of vaccines, give examples, and explain their differences in effectiveness.
  • Explains the new drug development.
  • Defines the pharmacogenetics.
  • Explains the Modern Science in Medicine and Features of the 20th Century Medicine.
  • Defines the history of Tukish Medicine after republic.
  • Describe the vaccine hesitancy and activities against it.
  • Describes the hypothesis testing.
  • Defines antiseptic, aseptic, bactericidal, bacteriostatic, disinfectant, germiside, sterilization.
  • Describes the general effects chemical and physical agents have on membranes, proteins, and nucleic acids which are lethal to cells.
  • Discusses the pros and cops using boiling, pasteurization, and autoclaving ionizing and nonionizing radiation to control microbial growth.
  • Explains the mechanisms of action and uses of the following in conrolling microbial growth effects difference between cationic and anionic detergents (list examples).
Course Content Atılım University School of Medicine; what is science; what is medicine; physician's oath; visit to Medicana Hospital clinics; professionalism in medicine; clinical ethics support services in Turkey; problem-based learning for medical ethics; basic medical skills; basic communications skills. The basic cell structure, DNA and RNA structure, methods used in DNA isolation, cellular organelles, their structure and function, general overview to cell and cytoplasm, membranous and non-membranous.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Welcome to Atilim University Welcome to Medicine: Dean's Messages Welcome From Phase I Students Introduction to Medicine: General Knowledge About Committee Orientation to Atilim University Medical School Orientation to Atilim University (Peer Training) Welcome to Medicine From the Aspect of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Welcome to Medicine From Pharmacological Aspect Welcome to Medicine From Anatomical Aspect Welcome to Medicine From Biochemical Aspect Welcome to Medicine From Histological Aspect Welcome to Medicine From the Aspect of Medical Biology Welcome to Medicine From Physiological Aspect Welcome to Medicine From Pathological Aspect Welcome to Medicine From Biophysical Aspect What is Medicine and How is the methodology of medicine? Concepts of Health and Disease Components of Health Phylosophy of health
2 Physician's Identity, Evolution of Physician-Patient’s Roles Deontology and Concepts of Medical Ethics Hand Hygiene and Personal Protective Equipment Rational drug therap Laboratory safety Medical history taking Introduction to Statistics and Biostatistic What is evidence based Medicine Translational Medicine and Therapeutics Malpractice Methodology of History of Medicine and Evolution of Medicine Pre-hippocratic Medicine Hippocratic Medicine
3 Clinical Skill: Hand hygiene Introduction to Pathology and Diagnostic Techniques Casualty in Medicine: Measuring and Critical Function Descriptive Statistic Social Responsibility Projects Medicine in Middle Ages Islamic Medicine
4 Clinical Skill: Using Personnel Protective Equipment (Mask, google, gloves, gown), donning and doffing off Epidemics that Changed the World Exam preparation and General exam
5 Introduction to Cell Committee Cell origin and evolution Basic cell structure Histology aspect of Cell membrane, cytoplasm and organelles Introduction to Physiological Sciences, Basic Physiological principles and homeostasis Body fluid compartments and properties Lab: Normal, molar, percent solutionsHistology aspect of Nucleus Structure and Functions of Plasma Membrane Transport of substances through the cell membrane
6 Electrical Potentials of Cell Membrane in Neuron Model The cell structures of microorganisms Electrical Potentials of Cell Membrane in Neuron Model Bioenergetics Fluid hemodynamic disorders Bacterial classification, structure and metabolism Macromolecules that store genetic information Lab: pH mete Human genome organization Mechanisms of bacterial pathogenesis
7 Electrical Excitability and Action Potential in Neuron Model TBL:Intercellular Signal Transduction DNA as Heredity Molecule and DNA replication Amino acid structures, classification and reactions
8 Peptides and proteins Bacterial genetics Pharmacodynamics: Receptors and Concentration Introduction to microbiology laboratory Cytoskeleton RNA types and functions General principles of laboratory diagnosis In vitro cultivation of bacteria
9 Transfer of information from DNA to Protein I (transcription and posttranscriptional modifications) Pharmacokinetics Lab: Fundamentals of microscopy Viral classification, viral structure and replication Molecular Aspects of Drug Action
10 Transfer of information from DNA to Protein II (translation and posttranslational modifications) Intracellular protein trafficking Cellular response to stress and noxious stimuli Viral pathogenesis Discussion time: Cell organelles and their structure and functions Lab: Spectrophotometer Molecular diagnostic methods in microbiology Cellular injury and cell death Intracellular accumulations Amyloidosis Pathologic Calcification Cellular Injury & Death
11 Exam preparation and General exam
12 Introduction to Growth and Develepment Committee Classification of enzymes Cell cycle and regulation (Mitosis and Meiosis) Introduction to Embryology and Gametogenesis Enzyme kinetics Factors affecting enzyme activity Mutation and Polymorphism Concept Inflammation Acute ınflammation Fertilization, implantation and first week of embryonic Chromosome structure and classification, the mechanisms of chromosomal abnormalities Kinetics of enzymes
13 Chromosome structure and classification, the mechanisms of chromosomal abnormalities Chronic inflammation Important Drug Interactions & Their Mechanisms Regulation of enzyme activity Second and third week of embryonic development Classification of carbohydrates; monosaccarides Tissue repair Drug action from molecular aspects 3rd-8th weeks- Organogenesis Disaccharides DNA repair mechanisms
14 Introduction to neoplasm: invasion metastasis Polysaccarides and other carbohydrates Fetal stage (3rd month- Birth) Glycoproteins and derivatives Fatty acids; triglycerides Fungal classification, structure, replication Placenta, fetal membranes and multiple pregnancies Genetic disease with morphologic consequences Cell death mechanisms Pathogenesis of fungal disease Phospholipids; glycolipids Human parasites classification, structure,replication Drug action from cellular aspects Epigenetic
15 Analysis of carbohydrates Case discussion time: Birth defects and prenatal diagnosis Digestion of nucleic acids Serum protein determination Fetal and maternal histology de novo synthesis of purine nucleodites Pyrimidine biosynthesis and catabolism Purine catabolism Clinical Aspects of Neoplasia Mendelian inheritance Genetic control mechanisms Molecular basis of genetic diseases
16 Non-mendelian inheritance Poligenic and multifactorial inheritance Regulation of purine and pyrimidine synthesis Biopharmaceuticals and gene therapy DNA isolation SNP identification Mendelian Genetic Steroids Exam preparation and General exam
17 Introduction to Tissues and Skeletal System Committee Introduction to histology and techniques used in histology Introduction to anatomy Bones - general considerations Joints - general considerations Skeleton and joints of upper limb Leishmania spp Covering Epithelia and Specializations of the apical cell surface The vertebral column, the ribs and the sternum Ectoparasites Lab: Skeleton and joints of upper limb Lab: One cell layer epithelia
18 Case Discussion Time: Wuchereria bancrofti, Dracunculus medinensis Joints of the vertebral column Secretory Epithelia and Specialized epithelial cells Arthropods NSAIDs & Acetaminophen Connective tissue cells and fibers Biochemistry of connective tissue Lab: The vertebral column, the ribs, the sternum and joints of the vertebral column Lab: Stratified epithelia
19 Skeleton and joints of lower limb Introduction to the Autonomic Nervous System Lab: Secretory Epithelia Cartilage and bone tissue Joints Bone-cartilage infections Developmental abnormalities of bone & cartilage Biochemistry of bone tissue Lab: Skeleton and joints of lower limb Lab: Connective tissue cells
20 Lab: Connective tissue types Acquired disorders of bone &cartilage Fracture, osteonecrosis, osteomyelitis Tumor & tumor-like lesions of the bone Cholinergic Drugs: Muscarinic Agonists, Cholinesterase Inhibitors, and Their Clinical Uses Cholinergic Drugs: Muscarinic Antagonists and Their Clinical Uses Lab: Bone and cartilage tissue Lab: Anatomy Review Inflammatory disorders of the joints Tumors & tumor-like lesions of the joints Cholinergic Drugs: Nicotinic Agonists and Their Clinical Uses Cholinergic Drugs: Neuromuscular Blocking Drugs and Nicotinic Antagonists
21 Adrenergic Drugs: Adrenergic Agonists and Their Clinical Uses Adrenergic Drugs: Adrenergic Antagonists and Their Clinical Uses Development of skin and skin histology Disorders & neoplasms of keratinocytes Skin and tissue infection Lab: Laboratory diagnosis of parasites Sectional and clinical anatomy Vitamin and cofactors water soluble vitamins Disorders of pigmentation & melanocytes Vitamin and cofactors lipid soluble vitamins Dermatophytes and other superficial fungi Subcutaneous fungi Dimorphic fungi
22 Lab: Bone & Cartilage & Disorders & neoplasms of keratinocytes & melanocytes Exam preparation and general exam
23 Introduction to Locomotion Committee Muscles general consideration and introduction to nervous system General Structural Properties, Classification and Development of Muscle Tissue Organization and process of nervous system, conduction properties of peripheral nervous system The superficial back The suboccipital region and deep muscles of the back Synapses, types of synapse, chemical synaptic transmission Skeletal Muscle Cardiac and Smooth Muscle Neurotransmitters Biochemistry of muscle tissue Synaptic integration The innervation of smooth muscle and smooth muscle potentials The posterior aspect of the shoulder and arm The molecular structure of skeletal muscle and its neuro muscular function Lab: The superficial back and the suboccipital region and deep muscles of the back Lab: Muscle Tissue
24 The anterior aspect of the shoulder and arm Mammary glands Bone, bone marrow and muscle stem cells Force-velocity relationship of muscle contraction and Hill's equation The molecular mechanism of skeletal muscle contraction, the types of contraction and tetanus Digestion of carbohydrates Introduction to soft tissue and adipose neoplasms Soft tissue neoplasms: Fibrohistiocytic neoplasms Anaerobic Bacteria Soft tissue neoplasms of muscular origin Soft tissue neoplasms of unknown origin The Neuron and neuroglias The structure and innervation of smooth muscle Pathology of the skeletal muscle Tumors of muscular origin The flexor aspect of the forearm and the cubital fossa The innervation of skeletal muscle and skeletal muscle potentials Lab: The anterior and posterior aspects of the shoulder, arm and the mammary glands Biochemical markers of muscle-skeleton system diseases Peripheral nerve, peripheral ganglia and myelinization Aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis
25 TBL: The axilla and the brachial plexus The contraction and relaxation mechanism of smooth muscles and latch mechanism The flexor aspect of the forearm and the cubital fossa The extensor aspect of the forearm The contraction and relaxation mechanism of smooth muscles and latch mechanism Clostridium tetani Clostridium botulinum The structure and innervation of cardiac muscle Anatomy of the hand Pathology of the peripheral nerve injury, atrpohy, neuropathy, Polyneuritis, inflammatory neuropathies Sensory physiology, sensory receptors and receptor potentials Lab: The axilla and the brachial plexus Lab: Purification and acid hydrolysis of glycogen Clostridium perfringes and other clostridium species Lab: The flexor and extensor aspects of the forearm and the cubital fossa , Anatomy of the hand Lab: Nervous Tissue Lab: Nerve conductance rate
26 The gluteal region The lumbosacral plexus Peripheral nerve sheath tumors Pathology of Neuromuscular junction, muscle injury, atrophy, myopathies The anterior and medial aspects of the thigh The lateral and posterior aspects of the thigh and the popliteal fossa Case Discussion: Claude-Bernard on curare Somatic sensation - touch and position Regulation of glycolysis and energetics Somatic sensation - pain and thermal sensation Gluconeogenesis Reciprocal regulation of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis Lab: The gluteal region and lateral and posterior aspects of the thigh and popliteal fossa Lab: Cell Division, mitosis Lab: The anterior, medial of the thigh and popliteal fossa
27 The lateral and anterior aspects of the leg Other anaerobic bacilli and cocci Pentose phosphate pathway Utilization of other carbohydrates through glycolytic pathway Glycogenesis and glycogenolysis The posterior aspect of the leg Anatomy of the foot Sectional and clinical anatomy Biochemistry of nervous tissue Citric acid cycle and its regulation Oxidative Phosphorylation and ATP Synthesis Lab: The lateral, anterior and posterior aspects of the leg and Anatomy of the foot Lab: Peripheral nerve diseases and muscle
28 Exam preparation and General exam
29 Introduction to Public Health Committee Introduction to Public Health Concepts of Health and Disease New drug development General Principles of Vaccination The WHO Public Health in Developed Countries Food and Water Safety Vaccine Types Control Programs by MoH Globalization and Public Health Immunization and Public Health The ILO Water Microbiology Pharmacogenetics Health and Physical activity Socioeconomic Differences and Public Health Access to Health Services
30 Modern Science in Medicine and Features of the 20th Century Medicine History of Turkish Medicine Before the Turkish Republic History of Turkish Medicine After the Turkish Republic Public Health Disasters Environmental Health and Inspection Management of Epidemics Human Rights and Health Public Health and Infectious Diseases Health Economics International Health Healthcare Management Public Health Ethics Food Microbiology Sterilization, disinfection, antisepsis Pregnant Health Epidemiologic Research Methods in Medicine Medical Wastes for Public Health Demography and Public Health Tobacco use
31 Management of substance abuse: Alcohol, drugs and addictive behaviours Community and mental health Vaccine Technologies, Future Vaccine Technologies Childhood vaccination Adolescent vaccination Adult Vaccination Vaccination of Risk Groups Health Level Indicators Community Health and Nutrition
32 Medical Law Community Health and Education Community Screening Programs Role Play: Vaccine Hesitancy Occupational Diseases and Work Accidents Physical Injury and Chemical Injury Small-groups Application-based Learning: Sterilization and Disinfection in Medical Microbiology Laboratory Exam preparation and General exam


Course Book 1. Braddom's Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (5th Edition); David X. Cifu MD; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2016.
2. Gray’s Anatomy for Students (3rd Edition); Richard L. Drake, A. Wayne Vogl, Adam W. M. Mitchell; Churchill Livingston Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2015.
3. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology (13th Edition); John E. Hall; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2016.
4. Histology and Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology (4th Edition); Abraham L. Kierszenbaum, Laura L. Tres; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2015.
5. Medical Microbiology (8th Edition); Patrick Murray, Ken Rosenthal, Michael Pfaller; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2016.
6. Molecular and Cellular Biophysics; Meyer B. Jackson; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2006.
7. Robbins Basic Pathology (10th Edition); Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2018.
8. Fundamentals of Biostatistics (8th Edition); Bernard Rosner; Cengage Learning, Boston, 2016.
9. Leadership: Theory and Practice (7th edition); Peter G. Northouse; SAGE Publications, 2015
10. Principles of Biomedical Ethics (7th Edition); Tom L. Beauchamp, James F. Childress; Oxford University Press, 2012
11. The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect (1st Edition); Judea Pearl, Dana Mackenzie; Harvard Health Publications, 2018
12. The Nature of Creative Development (1st Edition); Jonathan S. Feinstein; Stanford University Press, Stanford, 2006.
13. Cell and molecular biology (2th edition); Nalini Chandar, PhD, Susan Viselli, PhD, Lipincot Wiliams & Wilkins, 2019.
14. Molecular cell biology (8th edition); Harvey Lodish, W.H.Freeman & Co Ltd, 2016.
15. Molecular biology of the cell (6th edition); Bruce Alberts, W. W. Norton & Company, 2015.
16. Emery's Elements of Medical Genetics (15th Edition); Peter D. Turnpenny, Sian Ellard; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2017.
17. Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry (31st Edition); Robert K. Murray, David A. Bender, Kathleen M. Botham, Peter J. Kennelly, Victor W. Rodwell, P. Anthony Weil McGrawHill-Lange, 2018
18. Marks’ Basic Medical Biochemistry A Clinical Approach (5th Edition); Michael Lieberman, Alisa Peet; Wolters Kluwer, Philadelphia, 2018.
19. Thompson & Thompson Genetics in Medicine (8th Edition); Robert L. Nussbaum, Roderick R. McInnes, Huntington F. Willard; ; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2016.
20. Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's Medical Microbiology, 28e, McGraw-Hill Education, 2019.
21. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases (9th Edition); Bennett, JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ. Elsevier, 2019.
22. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry (7th Edition), David L. Nelson, Michael M. Cox W H Freeman & Co, 2017.
23. Integrative Medical Biochemistry: Examination and Board Review, 1st Edition Michael W. King, Mc Graw Hill
24. Lippincott Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry (Seventh Edition); Denise R. Ferrier; Lippincott Wilwims & Wilkins; Philadelphia, 2017.
25. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology (14th Edition); Bertram G. Katzung,‎ Anthony J. Trevor; McGraw-Hill, 2018.
26. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology (10th Edition); Keith L. Moore, T. V. N. Persaud, Mark G. Torchia; Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2015.
27. Rheumatology Textbook (5th Edition); Marc Hochberg, Alan J. Silman, Joseph Smolen, Michael Weinblatt, Michael Weisman; Mosby Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2011.
28. Textbook of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations (7th Edition); Thomas M. Devlin; John Wiley & Sons, 2010
29. Basic Immunology: Functions and Disorders of the Immune System, 5e, Abbas, Lichmann, Pillai, Elsevier, 2016
30. Gray’s Anatomy. Editor: Susan Standring, 41st Edition, 2015, Elsevier Moore Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Authors: Keith L. Moore, Anne M. R. Agur, Arthur F. Dalley. 7th Edition, 2013, Lippincott Williams Wilkins
31. Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy. Musculoskeletal system, internal organs, head, neck, neuroanatomy by Friedrich Paulsen (Author), Jens Waschke, Sabine Hombach-Klonisch, Thomas Klonisch (Translator). 15th Edition, 2013, Urban and Fischer, Elsevier
32. Atlas of Human Anatomy (Netter Basic Science). Author: Frank H. Netter. 7th Edition, 2019, Elsevier
33. Medical Physiology 3rd Edition by Boron MD PhD, Walter F, Boulpaep MD, Emile L. (2017)
34. Physiology 6th Edition by Costanzo PhD, Linda S. (2017)
35. Principles of Neural Science, Fifth Edition (Principles of Neural Science (Kandel)) 5th Edition by Eric R. Kandel, James H. Schwartz, Thomas M. Jessell, Steven A. Siegelbaum, A. J. Hudspeth. (2013)
36. Oxford Textbook of Public Health (6th Edition); Roger Detels, Robert Beaglehole, Mary Ann Lansang, Martin Gulliford; Oxford Medical Publications, 2015.
37. Textbook of Family Practice, 9th Edition Robert E. Rakel, David P. Rakel, 2015
38. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine (23rd Edition); K. Park; Bhanot, 2015.
39. Evaluating Public and Community Health Programs (2nd Edition); Muriel J. Harris; John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2016.
40. Comparative Health Systems: A Global Perspective (2nd Edition); James A. Johnson, Carleen Stoskopf, Leiyu Shi; Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Burlington, 2018.
41. Epidemiology (5th Edition); Leon Gordis; Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, 2014.
42. Medical Physiology 3rd Edition by Boron MD PhD, Walter F, Boulpaep MD, Emile L. (2017)
Other Sources 43. Using Personal Protective Equipment:
44. Epidemic Disease Occurrence:

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation - -
Laboratory - -
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury 1 70
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 30
Toplam 2 100
Percentage of Semester Work 70
Percentage of Final Work 30
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Integrates and utilizes the information, skills, and approaches obtained from basic, clinical, and medical sciences, behavioral sciences, and social sciences when offering healthcare services. X
2 Offers healthcare services to patients with a biopsychosocial approach where the sociodemographic and sociocultural backgrounds of these individuals are taken into consideration, focusing on the universal human values, ethical principles, and professional duties; without exercising discrimination on the basis of language, religion, race, or sex. X
3 Aims to protect, improve, and develop individual and public health when offering healthcare services. X
4 Performs the necessary studies in sustaining and improving health, taking into the individual, public, social, and environmental factors to affect it. X
5 Trains healthy individuals/ patients, their relatives, and other healthcare workers in healthcare upon determining the features, requirements, and expectations of their target audience. X
6 Exercises a safe, rational, and effective approach in the procedures of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation; while offering healthcare services. X
7 Implements interventional and/or non-interventional practices in a way that is safe and effective for patients during the procedures of diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation. X
8 Offers healthcare services taking into account the health and safety of patients and employees. X
9 Takes the regional and global changes in physical and socioeconomic settings to affect health, as well as the changes in the individual features and behaviors of patients referring to them into account, while offering healthcare. X
10 Takes the good medical practices into account while performing their duties. X
11 Undertakes the tasks and duties within the framework of their professional ethical rules, as well as their legal rights and duties. X
12 Stands for the improvements in the manner in which healthcare services are offered, taking into account the concepts of social reliability and social duty, in an effort to protect and improve individual and public health. X
13 Evaluates the effects of health policies and healthcare practices on public health indicators, and, where required, amends their evaluation on the grounds of scientific and social needs; in an effort to help improve the quality of healthcare services. X
14 Leads their healthcare team while offering healthcare services, in a participative, and collaborative manner. X
15 Establishes positive relationships within their healthcare team; and where needed, easily adapts to various positions among their team. X
16 Exercises effective communication with patients, the relatives of patients, healthcare professionals, and groups from other professions, as well as institutions and organizations. X
17 Plans and conducts scientific studies on the society to which they serve, and use the results of these, or those from other studies, to benefit the society. X
18 Accesses the current literature on their profession, and evaluates them with a critical approach. X
19 Chooses the correct sources of learning to improve the healthcare services that they offer, and regulates their own learning process. X
20 Demonstrates the skills of obtaining and evaluating new information, integrating newer pieces of information with their current ones, as well as adapting to changing conditions throughout their professional life. X

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 32 14 448
Laboratory 32 11 352
Application 1 2 2
Special Course Internship 1 3 3
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 32 3 96
Presentation/Seminar Prepration 1 5 5
Homework Assignments
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 32 7 224
Total Workload 1130