Respiratory System (MED204) Course Detail

Course Name Course Code Season Lecture Hours Application Hours Lab Hours Credit ECTS
Respiratory System MED204 5 2 1 6 0
Pre-requisite Course(s)
Course Language English
Course Type N/A
Course Level Bachelor’s Degree (First Cycle)
Mode of Delivery Face To Face
Learning and Teaching Strategies Lecture, Discussion.
Course Coordinator
Course Lecturer(s)
Course Assistants
Course Objectives To give information about the development, structure and functions of respiratory system and the etiopathogenesis, pathology, symptoms and signs of prevention, diagnosis and treatment principles of disorders related to this system; to provide basic medical skills for the respiratory system
Course Learning Outcomes The students who succeeded in this course;
  • Knows anatomy and histology of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Explains their clinical importance. Describes the olfactory epithelium histologically.
  • Knows anatomy and histology of the pharynx. Explains their clinical importance.
  • Knows anatomy and histology of the larynx. Explains their clinical importance.
  • Describes the anterior and lateral aspects of the neck, knows the relations of anatomical structure in these regions, describes the triangles of the neck and explains the clinical importance of fasciae in the neck region.
  • Knows the root of the neck. Explains its clinical importance.
  • Knows the arborization of respiratory system and anatomy of the lungs. Explains their clinical importance.
  • Describes the histological structure of trachea, intrapulmonary bronchial tree, lobe, lobule, acinus and pleura.
  • Knows the histological structure of the respiratory portion, alveoli, interalveolar septum, air-blood barrier.
  • Knows the development and developmental abnormalities of respiratory system.
  • Defines the structure and function of the respiratory tract, describes the structure and functions of the lungs and pleura, explains the forces that determine the flow of respiratory gases.
  • Explains how the active and passive breathing movements are formed, explains the composition and function of surfactant related to surface tension, explains the relationship between respiratory power, lung volume and intra-pleural pressure.
  • Explains static and dynamic compliance and apply it to practice, name and evaluate lung volumes and capacities, explain the effect of respiration on pleural pressure and respiratory work.
  • Names the factors determining the rate of gas exchange in the lungs, explains the relationship between alveolar ventilation and gas exchange. Explains the mechanisms of autoregulation that determine the rate of ventilation/perfusion.
  • Explains changes in blood gase pressures during exercises.
  • Defines the bacteria and viruses affecting the respiratory system and explains the basic pathological conditions.
  • Knows the pathological conditions of respiratory tract and gain knowledge about their treatment.
  • Classifies the chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, pulmonary edema, lung tumours and related diseases and interprets the symptoms and findings.
  • Describes the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of bronchodilator, antitussive and expectorant drugs used for respiratory system.
Course Content Anatomy of the nose and the associated structures; the pharynx; the larynx; anatomy of trachea and lung; the anterior and lateral aspects of the neck; the root of the neck; clinical anatomy; functional organization of respiratory system; pulmonary and alveolar ventilation; mechanics of respiration; transport and perfusion dynamics; ventilation-perfusion properties of lung; regulation of respiration.

Weekly Subjects and Releated Preparation Studies

Week Subjects Preparation
1 Information about the committee; The nose and the associated structures; The pharynx; The larynx; The lateral, anterior aspects of the neck and the root of the neck; The trachea and the lungs; Sectional and clinical anatomy; Functional organization of the respiratory system; Lung volume and its capacity; Pulmonary and alveolar ventilation -
2 Mechanics of respiration and dynamic pulmonary function tests; Transport of blood gases; Diffusion; Transport and perfusion dynamics; Ventilation-perfusion properties of lung; Regulation of respiration; Respiratory compliance in exercise; Disorders and neoplasms of upper airways; Disorders and neoplasms of oropharynx -
3 Congenital abnormalities of the lungs; Collapse; Pulmonary edema; Obstructive and restrictive pulmonary diseases; Chronic diffuse intersititial (Restrictive) diseases; Lung diseases of vascular origin; Pulmonary infections; Lung neoplasms; Pleural disorders and neoplasms -
4 Bronchodilator drugs; Antitussive and expectorant drugs; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Mycobacterium avium complex; Legionellae; Bartonella; Chlamydia and Chlamydophila; Influenza; Parainfluenza viruses; Adenoviruses; RSV; Human metapneumovirus; Rhinovirus and Coronaviruses; Paramyxoviruses and Rubella virus; Mumps virus; Measles virus; Parvoviruses and other causes of childhood exanthemas; Poxvirus -
5 Nose; Paranasal sinuses; Olfactory epithelium; Histological structure of pharynx and larynx; Development of face, jaw, palate, nose and olfactory epithelium; Facial and oral region developmental anomalies -
6 Histology of trachea; Intra-pulmonary bronchial tree; Lobe, lobule, acinar and pleura; Lung circulation; Respiratory region; Alveoli, interalveolar septum; Histological structure of blood-air barrier; Larynx, trachea and bronchial tree; Development of lungs; Fetal respiration; Respiratory system developmental anomalies EXAM -


Course Book 1. Gray's Atlas of Anatomy / Richard L. Drake, A. Wayne Vogl, Adam W. M. Mitchell, Richard M. Tibbitts, Paul E. Richardson.
2. Sobotta Atlas of Human Anatomy / |c edited by F. Paulsen, J. Waschke ; translated by T. Klonisch, S. Hombach-Klonisch.
3. Goodman & Gilman's the Pharmacological basis of Therapeutics / editor, Laurence L. Brunton ; associate editors, Randa Hilal-Dandan, Björn C. Knollmann.
4. Histology and Cell Biology : An Introduction to Pathology / Abraham L. Kierszenbaum, Laura L. Tres
5. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 10th Edition. Keith Moore
6. Cells, Tissues, and Disease : Principles of General Pathology / Guido Majno, Isabelle Joris.
7. Medical Physiology. 3rd Edition . Elsevier. Walter F Boron and Emile L Boulpaep
8. Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology 13th ed. Saunders
9. Basic Medical Microbiology / Patrick R. Murray

Evaluation System

Requirements Number Percentage of Grade
Attendance/Participation - -
Laboratory 15 20
Application - -
Field Work - -
Special Course Internship - -
Quizzes/Studio Critics - -
Homework Assignments - -
Presentation - -
Project - -
Report - -
Seminar - -
Midterms Exams/Midterms Jury - -
Final Exam/Final Jury 1 80
Toplam 16 100
Percentage of Semester Work
Percentage of Final Work 100
Total 100

Course Category

Core Courses X
Major Area Courses
Supportive Courses
Media and Managment Skills Courses
Transferable Skill Courses

The Relation Between Course Learning Competencies and Program Qualifications

# Program Qualifications / Competencies Level of Contribution
1 2 3 4 5
1 Integrates and utilizes the information, skills, and approaches obtained from basic, clinical, and medical sciences, behavioral sciences, and social sciences when offering healthcare services. X
2 Offers healthcare services to patients with a biopsychosocial approach where the sociodemographic and sociocultural backgrounds of these individuals are taken into consideration, focusing on the universal human values, ethical principles, and professional duties; without exercising discrimination on the basis of language, religion, race, or sex. X
3 Aims to protect, improve, and develop individual and public health when offering healthcare services. X
4 Performs the necessary studies in sustaining and improving health, taking into the individual, public, social, and environmental factors to affect it. X
5 Trains healthy individuals/ patients, their relatives, and other healthcare workers in healthcare upon determining the features, requirements, and expectations of their target audience. X
6 Exercises a safe, rational, and effective approach in the procedures of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation; while offering healthcare services. X
7 Implements interventional and/or non-interventional practices in a way that is safe and effective for patients during the procedures of diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation. X
8 Offers healthcare services taking into account the health and safety of patients and employees. X
9 Takes the regional and global changes in physical and socioeconomic settings to affect health, as well as the changes in the individual features and behaviors of patients referring to them into account, while offering healthcare. X
10 Takes the good medical practices into account while performing their duties. X
11 Undertakes the tasks and duties within the framework of their professional ethical rules, as well as their legal rights and duties. X
12 Stands for the improvements in the manner in which healthcare services are offered, taking into account the concepts of social reliability and social duty, in an effort to protect and improve individual and public health. X
13 Evaluates the effects of health policies and healthcare practices on public health indicators, and, where required, amends their evaluation on the grounds of scientific and social needs; in an effort to help improve the quality of healthcare services. X
14 Leads their healthcare team while offering healthcare services, in a participative, and collaborative manner. X
15 Establishes positive relationships within their healthcare team; and where needed, easily adapts to various positions among their team. X
16 Exercises effective communication with patients, the relatives of patients, healthcare professionals, and groups from other professions, as well as institutions and organizations. X
17 Plans and conducts scientific studies on the society to which they serve, and use the results of these, or those from other studies, to benefit the society. X
18 Accesses the current literature on their profession, and evaluates them with a critical approach. X
19 Chooses the correct sources of learning to improve the healthcare services that they offer, and regulates their own learning process. X
20 Demonstrates the skills of obtaining and evaluating new information, integrating newer pieces of information with their current ones, as well as adapting to changing conditions throughout their professional life. X

ECTS/Workload Table

Activities Number Duration (Hours) Total Workload
Course Hours (Including Exam Week: 16 x Total Hours) 6 15 90
Laboratory 6 7 42
Special Course Internship
Field Work
Study Hours Out of Class 6 7 42
Presentation/Seminar Prepration
Homework Assignments 1 1 1
Quizzes/Studio Critics
Prepration of Midterm Exams/Midterm Jury
Prepration of Final Exams/Final Jury 5 10 50
Total Workload 225